There are 3 main types of diabetes– Type 1, Type 2 and Gestational. Type 1 diabetes is an effect of insufficient insulin production in the body. With type 1 diabetes the patient must use an insulin regimen to control the disease. Type 2 is due to cells growing non-reactive to insulin, often as a side effect of poor nutrition and obesity. Gestational diabetes occurs in women during pregnancy and generally goes away after delivery.

Symptoms of Diabetes
•Increased urination
•Increased hunger
•Increased thirst
•Weight Loss
•Fatigue
•Irritability
•Nausea and vomiting
•Blurred vision
•Passing of acidic urine with a sweet smell
•Poor wound healing
•Intense itching around genitals

 

Normal Blood Glucose Readings, Range and Chart

A normal blood glucose reading should range between 70 to 150 mg, “normal” indicates the amount of glucose that should be present in the blood stream. Glucose levels tend to be lower in the morning since the body has been fasting all night, and the levels rise after the meals. Glucose readings depend on circumstantial factors like the amount of food consumed, if the patient exercised or not before the blood test, and other factors. If glucose levels are consistently above 150 mg, this is known as hyperglycemia or high blood sugar, and the person is diabetic. If readings are below 70 mg, the condition is known as hypoglycemia or low blood sugar levels.

Normal blood glucose readings and range can vary based on how the blood glucose has been tested. Blood glucose testing can be done several different ways:

1. Fasting blood glucose test- This test is done after a fast of more than 8 hours. Normal fasting blood glucose reading should be less than 110 mg/dl. If the fasting glucose levels are above 126 mg/dl, this is an indication of diabetes.

2. Random blood glucose test- This type of glucose testing is done anytime without having to fast. The normal count should be in the mid 100?s. If the reading is 200 or above, this is an indication of diabetes.

3. Oral glucose tolerance test-For this test, a sugar water solution is drunk after at least an 8 hour fast. Glucose levels in blood are then tested over several hours. In a non-diabetic person, the glucose levels will rise after drinking the solution and then fall quickly. In a diabetic person, glucose levels will at once soar higher than normal, and will not drop quickly. Normal glucose reading should be 140 mg/dl two hours after drinking the solution. If the reading is 200 mg/dl or more this is an indication of diabetes.

Chart
Normal person
– Minimum fasting value – 70 mg/dl.
– Maximum fasting value – 100 mg/dl.
– Post-Prandial – less than 140 mg/dl.

Pre-diabetic
– Minimum fasting value – 101 mg/dl.
– Maximum fasting value – 126 mg/dl.
– Post-Prandial – 140-200 mg/dl.

Diabetic
– Minimum fasting value – more than 126 mg/dl.
– Maximum fasting value – 126 mg/dl.
– Post-Prandial – more than 200 mg/dl.

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